Lyme disease, or borreliosis, is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected blacklegged deer tick. It is the most common tickborne infectious disease in the United States.
Why Is the Study of Lyme Disease a Priority for NIAID?
State health departments reported 42,743 confirmed or probable cases to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2017. Reported cases are not believed to reflect the actual incidence of Lyme disease, and CDC estimates that 300,000 cases likely occur annually. The incidence of Lyme disease, as with many other tick-borne diseases, has increased dramatically over the past 10 years.
How Is NIAID Addressing This Critical Topic?
NIAID has a long-standing commitment to conduct research on Lyme borreliosis, or Lyme disease, beginning more than 35 years ago when the cause of the disease was not yet known. In 1981, NIAID-funded research efforts resulted in identifying Borrelia burgdorferi, a spiral-shaped bacterium, or spirochete, as the causative agent of Lyme disease. Since then, basic and clinical research efforts have been expanded in scope to address many different aspects of this infectious disease. For more information, read how NIAID is addressing Lyme disease or see NIAID’s 2023 report, “Current Efforts in Lyme Disease Research, 2023 Update.”