stage indicator - apply for a grant

Determine Institutional Resources

To show reviewers your project's feasibility, your application must describe your access to needed institutional resources such as space, equipment, and facilities. This is especially important for major pieces of equipment. See NIH's definition of equipment.

Your department chair can tell you which resources and level of support your institution will furnish and external resources you can leverage, so you can then figure out what pieces are missing.

If you are a new investigator, your reviewers will expect you to have fewer resources at your disposal compared to more established researchers. They will still expect you to complete all the work you propose.

As you design your Specific Aims and experiments, factor in the resources you'll need (both those at hand and those you request in the application) while staying within the limits of your targeted budget.

In Good "Form"

In your application, you’ll need to complete the R&R Other Project Information Form, which includes the following two required attachments.

Facilities and Other Resources

Describe the necessary resources at your disposal. Also state how the scientific environment in which the research will be done contributes to the probability of success (e.g., institutional support, physical resources, and intellectual rapport). If there are multiple performance sites, describe the resources available at each site.

Peer reviewers will consider environment as part of their evaluation, so be sure to give as much detail as possible. To see what reviewers will consider, go to our Review Criteria SOP.


List major items of equipment already available for your project. Check if your institution has a catalog of core facilities (most universities do) to help you find equipment. Where appropriate, identify the equipment's location and pertinent capabilities.

Unless otherwise instructed in a funding opportunity announcement, the Equipment document should be uploaded to the application package as a separate attachment, not included with the Facilities and Other Resources document.

Explore Your Options

Your planned experiments will reveal your resource needs, particularly expensive equipment (e.g., costing over $10,000). Then follow these steps to explore your options:

1. See what equipment you can share with other investigators

Try to gain access to large equipment by sharing it with other investigators at your institution or by sharing the cost of buying it.

2. Explore options to access core facilities that provide services and expertise

Consider whether you can access core facilities at your or a collaborator’s institution to meet your needs for a major piece of equipment and expertise.

If that works, you can avoid having to purchase the equipment and using time to set it up during the grant award period.

Reviewers often view shared resources approach favorably since you will be working with established facilities with demonstrated results. When appropriate, include Letters of Support in your application that ensure access to core facilities and shared resources, and stipulate whether access will be provided as a fee-for-service. Make sure to include any facility user fees in your budget.

3. See if you can find a collaborator who has the equipment you need, and determine whether you can work out a feasible arrangement

Sharing equipment has benefits, especially if costs are shared, but there can be downsides. For example, if your collaborator's lab is located far from yours, transporting samples may be a problem if the samples are infectious, temperature sensitive, or fragile.

Also, you might not want to be dependent on a collaborator’s machine if you’ll need it for several hours a day, every day.

Reviewers may also be less than enthusiastic about a project that is heavily dependent on resources that are ultimately beyond your control.

4. If the options listed above don't pan out and you're new to your institution, look to your start-up funds to see if you can afford a major purchase

Take into account other expenses you may have.

  • For example, do your start-up funds pay for office supplies and support services? In some places, facilities and administrative costs pay for those items so find out your institution's arrangements.
  • Inquire about policies for access and payment of stipends to graduate students. Is there a training grant, e.g., an Institutional Research Training Grant (T32), which can pay the stipend of students who want to work in your lab?

5. Request money in the application budget to buy the equipment

This approach is generally allowable for items such as reagents, small pieces of equipment, or other items not usually shared.

But asking NIH to pay for a major purchase is trickier, so we will give you some tips.

  • Be sure the equipment is absolutely essential and be able to provide a strong, detailed justification in your application explaining why you need the equipment for your research and why you cannot get it any other way.
  • Take care that your reviewers would not expect your organization to have the equipment, e.g., because it's unique to your project.
  • If your institution has such equipment, but you cannot have (sufficient) access to it, explain why that is the case.
  • Use this rule of thumb to gauge reviewer reaction: if you will be using the equipment at least half-time, they'll likely feel the request is justified. Listing other potential users of the instrument at your institution can also strengthen your request.

If you request funding to purchase equipment, keep in mind that you will need to provide a detailed budget breakdown, including items such as shipping costs as well as customs and import duties and taxes, if applicable; installation costs; required accessories; service agreements, warranties, and the necessary software to control and monitor operating the equipment.

Be aware that if you move to another institution, you may not be able to take your equipment—or your funds—with you. That decision is made by your current institution, your grant's legal grantee.

You may want to get advice from experienced investigators before deciding whether to request funds for a major purchase.

Request What You Require

In the R&R Budget section of your application, you must give an accurate account of the expenses required to carry out your research. Through your budget request, reviewers will gauge your understanding of your project’s cost and what is needed to accomplish your Specific Aims.

Given that, do not significantly under- or over-budget since reviewers might view this as your being naïve. Make sure to provide an adequate description of expenses as well as the justification for why those expenses are needed in each project period of the grant.

Learn more about why it’s important to be On the Mark on our Create a Budget web page.


  • I include a section that informs my reviewers about the support I have from my institution. I describe how my institution will let me spend enough time to complete the project.
  • When describing resources and equipment, I use a level of detail appropriate to my institution.
    • If I am at a research institution that has major NIH funding, I list only major items of equipment that I can access, giving their location and capabilities.
    • If I am at a research institution that gets little NIH funding, I list even basic items such as centrifuges.
    • For research on animals, I omit basic items such as the number of animal cages if at an AAALAC-accredited institution (I state that I am). Otherwise, I spell it all out.
  • It is clear how my scientific environment will contribute to the success of my project, including unique features that will help me accomplish my goals.
  • If the research will be at more than one site, I state which facilities will house which parts of the project.
    • I describe resources for each site.
    • I list all sites on the Project/Performance Site Locations form (not the Other Project Information form).

Have Questions?

A program officer in your area of science can give you application advice, NIAID's perspective on your research, and confirmation that NIAID will accept your application.

Find contacts and instructions at When to Contact an NIAID Program Officer.

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